Sitting in a grassy park in the quaint town of Oxford, England, sat seven boys under a tree watching the local cricket match. One thirteen-year-old plucked carelessly at blades of grass, enjoying his day off from Summerfields–an all-boys boarding school. Stonehenge, an ancient monument and mysterious travel destination, is only a 90-minute bus ride away from the boy’s school. The boys have only ever driven past, but they have heard of the interesting theories. “It was aliens,” one said, “How else could people back then move those giant stones?”
Stonehenge’s perplexing history has stumped people across the world, even the best archaeologists. Why was this monument built? Tourists come to Stonehenge every year, a bucket-list essential to England. Yet, many people find themselves bored after five minutes of walking around, uninterested by the pile of rocks. However, intriguing theories, myths, and conspiracies surround the area, and most of them have never been discussed before.
How did these massive stones appear?
While Stonehenge may appear to be a random arrangement of stones planted in the ground, in actuality, sophisticated thinking was needed for its construction. A circular ditch surrounds the monument, and an avenue brings the viewer forth to the front. Aubrey circles are 56 holes surrounding Stonehenge, and four in particular are made to be stood and viewed upon. The stones are arranged in three inner circles.
The outermost circle contains 30 sarsen stones erected upwards with a lintel. They are locked together by a joint system, keeping them in place. They are also dressed and shaped using hammers, as suggested by working debris excavated nearby. Sarsens are in a 20 to 30 mile radius and weigh about 25 tons each. There are 30 vertical stones in total.
It was no easy feat. Researchers have hypothesised that they loaded the rocks horizontally on logs and used around 200 men to drag the stones. The mere thought of pulling a stone across the rocky English terrain is uncanny, especially since the wheel hasn’t been invented for another 500 years.
The circle just inside of the sarsen ring is the bluestone ring. These 5-ton rocks are 150 miles away from the Stonehenge site, and the exact location of where these rocks are speculated to be from Preseli Bluestone Mine. Bluestones are thought to have healing powers and can alleviate any ailment, which is why the builders went that far to get the stones. The innermost circle includes trilithons, five sarsens with lintels. The altar stone is in the center. Outside of the entire circle is the heel stone, which during the summer and winter solstices, the sun with line directly on top of the stone and reflect lite to the altar, creating a serene experience.
There are many theories about this site, but none of them can be proven since no written records have been found. Some believe it to be a spiritual center on sacred ground or a burial ground for a specific tribe. Maybe even a medical/healing center, an agricultural technique, a calendar, or even a concert hall. While some evidence could support these ideas, none of them are concrete. What cannot be argued is the intense thought that was put into this structure. The angles, geometry and numerology is measured, calculated, and inter-connected.
Numbers Don’t Lie
One theory describes how Stonehenge has an astronomical connection. Nearby in the town of Avebury is another stone circle that was built around the same time as Stonehenge. A huge mound, called Silbury Hill, lies one mile south of Avebury. In the book, “The Lost Science of Measuring the Earth” John Michell explores different geographic locations and their relation. Silbury Hill to Stonehenge is exactly 864,000 feet. Coincidentally, the sun’s diameter is 864,000 miles.
The Inconsistent Moon
In the outermost Sarsen stone ring, there are thirty stones. 360 divided by 30 yields 12, which could be connected to the 12 cycles of the moon. Lundy Island is an island in the Bristol channel and is at the same latitude as Stonehenge. It is 108 royal miles from Stonehenge. The radius of the moon is 1080 miles, and also the silver, an element on the periodic table that has strong mythical association with the moon, has an atomic weight of 108g/mol. 108 is also 1/32 of the Earth’s polar radius.
There is a possibility that some of the rituals done at Stonehenge were moonlit performances and other mysterious night ceremonies. Night is sometimes considered a supernatural experience and in various stone monuments, including Hendraburnick Farms and Stonehenge, there are writings on the rocks seen at night. Celestial bodies have been a characteristic in ancient monuments, and maybe the moon was especially important to them.
Isis and Egypt
As an ancient ruin, Stonehenge competes with another huge tourist attraction–The Great Pyramids of Egypt. Many think these two places are connected. Ancient Egyptian civilization was at its height in 3100 BC, around the time of Stonehenge’s construction. The sacred shape of a seven pointed star when overlapped with Stonehenge’s plan fits perfectly inside. The seven pointed star is the symbol of the goddess Isis in Egyptian religion. Also, the latitude of Avebury is 51 degrees north, which when 360 divided by 7 is 51. This also relates to the star shape. Isis is the goddess of marriage, wealth, wisdom, and health. Stonehenge could be a temple for this goddess, meaning the Egyptians could have played a role in this monument construction. Another speculation is that Stonehenge represents the birth canal. Side by side, the basic anatomy has some similarities. Since Isis is the goddess of health and marriage and bluestones are supposedly able to create medical miracles, it is speculated the shape and purpose are interconnected.
The Planet Earth
Ley lines are alignments of landmarks, typically ancient monuments with cultural significance and are straight paths that connect. St. Michaels is one of the most famous ley lines in the world and it runs across England. St. Michael’s line starts at Penzance and ends at Great Yarmouth, running through important sites like Glastonbury Tor and Avebury. The line follows the path of the sun on May 8th, and the line also creates a perfect right triangle with the most sacred sites in England, including Stonehenge. The builders of Stonehenge may have had this in mind, the alignment and direct proportions are calculated to the smallest degree. This specific ley line could be coincident, but the builders also could have been compelled to build here with spiritual connections.
Although most theories of Stonehenge are named pseudoscience or pure coincidence, there is some compulsory evidence that sheds new light on the meaning of this monument. For hundred of years, archaeologists and professors have been baffled by Stonehenge, desperately making meaning out of chaos. People may never know exactly why it was built or by whom, but what they will know is that some connections are inexplicably obvious. There are hundred of theories out there and new ones are created each time evidence arises. Maybe humans will finally find out why Stonehenge was built? That’s when the aliens will come back to tell us.